Our bodies produced with trillions of small units, known as cells. However, at the very early phase of growth, we were embryos consisting of a tiny clump of cells. Cells in an embryo are in a first state, and we call them embryonic stem cells that can form all various cell types present in the body.
Embryonic stem cells can grow into three types of cells, called ectodermal stem cells that forms ectodermal cells, such as skin cells, neurons, endodermal stem cells that form endodermal cells, such as thyroid cells, lung cells, and cells of the pancreas., and mesodermal stem cells that form mesodermal stem cells.
Those three types of stem cells then go on to create 200 various kinds of cells. The stem cells from the cells of the skin, the red blood cells in your blood, and the cells that produce the color of your eyes.
Also, stem cells from all the organs and tissues in the body, such as the kidneys, bones, and brain. After birth, embryonic stem cells will be no longer living in the body. Here we can see for what these stem cells used for. Recently umbilical cord stem cells have been used to treat some of the same blood-based diseases.
Using A Bone Marrow Transplantation To Cure Leukemia:
Leukemia is a tumor of white blood cells or leukocytes. Like other blood cells, leukocytes produce from somatic stem cells. Mature leukocytes delivered into the bloodstream, where they work to fight off germs in our bodies.
Leukemia issues when leukocytes begin to grow and perform abnormally, becoming cancerous. These abnormal cells cannot fight off disease, and they interfere with the functions of other organs.
Successful stem therapy for leukemia depends on getting rid of all the abnormal leukocytes in the patient, providing healthy ones to grow in their place. One way to do this is within chemotherapy, which uses potent drugs to target and kills the abnormal cells. When chemotherapy alone can’t defeat them all, physicians sometimes turn to bone marrow transplants.
In a bone marrow transplant, the patient’s bone marrow stem cells restored with those from a well, matching donor. To do this, all of the patients being bone marrow and abnormal leukocytes are first removed using a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.
Next, a sample of donor bone marrow including healthy stem cells injected into the patient’s bloodstream. If the transplant is successful, the stem cells will transfer into the patient’s bone marrow and begin producing new, healthy leukocytes to follow the abnormal cells.
While most blood stem cells remain in the bone marrow, a small number are being in the bloodstream. Those peripheral blood stem cells, or PBSCs, can be utilized just like bone marrow stem cells to heal leukemia, other cancers, and many blood disorders.
Since they can be obtained from drawn blood, PBSCs are easier to secure than bone marrow stem cells, which must be extracted from within bones. This makes PBSCs a less invasive method option than bone marrow stem cells.
PBSCs are sparse in the bloodstream; however, so receiving enough to perform a transplant can pose a challenge. The new law allows stem cell therapy texas that attracts the patients to treat with better treatments.