In your mouth the adult teeth that come in the last are the wisdom teeth. When you are 17 to 21 years old then in the both sides’ bottom and top, these teeth emerge. Sometimes shifting of the other teeth occurs so as to accommodate the wisdom teeth. It happens when in your jaws there is not enough room for these teeth to emerge.
However, a number of problems can occur because of these. In this case removal of the wisdom teeth is necessary and for that you need to go to a dentist for a surgical procedure. It is so common to remove wisdom teeth. Sometimes one week’s time is needed for its recovery. If because of surgery there is an impact on your wisdom teeth then these can take some more time for getting recovered.
The procedure of surgery
We will call it outpatient surgery to remove the wisdom teeth i.e., on the same day you will leave the center meant for surgery. During surgery the dentist can give you sedation or local anesthesia. You will be present on the dental chair at the time of waking up. But if general anesthesia has been given to you then waking up can take a longer time.
After the surgery when you will wake up then your mouth will regain the same feel slowly. It is completely normal if swelling or pain occurs in your mouth. In the mouth some blood can come out on the recovery’s first day. In this case if you will use an ice pack then you will get some relief. The dentist may prescribe you the painkillers.
After surgery take soft foods only. Smoking, caffeine and alcohol need to be avoided. Don’t try to use a straw because complications can occur as a result of this.
Recovery in the long-term
Normally it takes 3 to 4 days after the wisdom teeth surgery to get recovered fully. Sometimes it can take one week’s time if there is an impact on your teeth. It has been found that several months after the treatment there is no complete healing of the wound. Therefore, after the surgery there are chances of infection to get developed in the mouth. You need to be very careful for your mouth.
If after the surgery you want to perform the daily activities then you can perform these quite normally. However certain activities by which the wound’s blood clot and stitches can get dislodged need to be avoided. These activities can be:
- Using straw to drink water
- Strenuous exercise
When wisdom teeth get removed then you will see some normal after effects like bleeding, pain and swelling. But if you have unbearable and excessive bleeding or pain then consult a dentist. After the surgery’s third day an improvement in the symptoms needs to be seen. Under 7 days of the surgery all the bleeding and pain should go away.
A damage to the nerve and infection can occur because of some complications. In case of the following symptoms, you need to seek help:
- Even after holding gauze bleeding does not stop.
- From the nose, pus or blood comes out.
- With time the swelling worsens.
- For reducing the pain medication does not help you so much.
- Problem in breathing and swallowing.
Care at home
For avoiding complications and infections at home you need to take care of your mouth. After surgery, cleaning and protecting the mouth is very important and for that you have to follow the instructions of your oral surgeon and your dentist. In this situation, for a complete day you may not be allowed to floss, rinse or brush your mouth. The dentist may not allow you to do this.
Some instructions for cleaning are as follows:
- For cleaning your wound take some salt water and rinse your mouth. After rinsing there is no need to spit out the water. Rather it will be good if you allow the water to come out of your mouth slowly by keeping your mouth above the sink.
- For absorbing the excess blood take a gauze and dab the wound gently.
During recovery you need to avoid a number of activities:
- Using a straw to drink
- Activities by which blood clot or stitches get dislodged
After surgery you need to eat soft food such as:
- Mashed potatoes
- Apple juice
- Cottage cheese
You need to avoid a number of foods:
- So hot food
- Seeds or nuts
- Using a straw to drink something
Start eating the food slowly.
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