Java and Python both are programming languages. Both are widely used in the world of programming. There are many differences between them that makes it differ from one another.
What is Java?
Java language is high level, an object-oriented programming language which is developed by Sun Microsystem in 1995. Java programming runs on many platforms like Windows, Mac OS, Linux. Java programming language works on the principle of write once run anywhere. It is object-oriented, platform independent, simple, secure, Robust, interpreted, multi thread, high performance and dynamic.
What is Python?
Python programming language is an object-oriented, high-level and all in one programming language developed by Guido Van Rossum during 1985- 1990. Python language is highly readable and easily understandable. It uses simple English keywords very often whereas other languages use punctuation. Python language is easy to learn, easy to read, interactive mode, portable, extendable, databases and scalable.
Comparison between Java vs Python
|Java vs Python|
|Java language is a compiled programming language. |
The Java code is originally compiled into bytecode that runs on any device or platform with Java Virtual Machine.
|Python language is interpreted programming language.|
In Python programming, developers have to use operating system-specific Python interpreters to execute the Python code directly.
|High-level programming language||Low-level programming language|
|Longer lines of code as compared to Pythonpublic class CODExoxo|
public static void main (String  args)
|print (“Hello CODExoxo ”)|
|At the end of the statement if you miss semicolon it throws an error.|
In Java programming you must define a particular block using curly braces without it code won’t work.
|In python, the statement does not need a semicolon to end.|
In python, you have never seen the sight of curly braces but indentation is mandatory in python. Indentation also improves readability of code.
|In Java language, you must declare the type of data.|
public static void main (String  args)
|Python codes are dynamic typed. This means that you don’t need to declare a type of the variable this is known as duck typing.|
| In terms of speed, Java is faster. Whenever in projects speed matters the java language is best. ||Python is an interpreter and also it determines the type of data at runtime that’s why it is slower than Java.|
|Due to the high popularity of Java, Java Virtual Machine (JVM ) is available almost everywhere.||Python language is also portable but in front of java, python is not popular.|
|Java Database Connectivity(JDBC) is the most popular and widely used to connect with the database.||Python’s database access layers are weaker than Java’sF Database Connectivity. This is why it rarely used in enterprises.|
|Java language is not easy to use as compared to python because there is no dynamic programming concept and codes are longer than python.||Python codes are shorter than java codes. Python language follows dynamic programming python codes not only easy to use but also easy to understand because of indentation.|
|Java programming enjoys more undeviating refactoring support than python thanks to its static type system and universality of IDE’s in development.||Python programming has always had an existence in the talent space and has the popularity for many reasons including Data Science and DevOps movement.|
|Java’s history in the enterprise and its slightly more redundant coding style mean that Java legacy systems are typically larger and more numerous than python’s.||Python language has less legacy problem so organization finds difficulty for the script to copy and paste codes.|
|Java language was originally developers as an object-oriented, concurrent, and class-based programming language.||Python programming supports functional, imperative, and procedural programming paradigms.|
|Less standard library than python||More standard library than Java|
From the above discussion, we can conclude that both programming languages (Java and Python) have their own benefits. It really is up to you to opt particular language for your project that perfect for you. Where Python language is simple and short, Java language is quick and more portable. While Python codes are dynamically-coded, Java is statically-coded.