Causes and Treatment for Eye Diseases and Infections

Our eyes are irreplaceable organs that are, unfortunately, very vulnerable. Although our body’s natural mechanisms to protect them are always at work, certain unforeseen circumstances and sometimes, pure neglect are enough to blind us forever. Moreover, even if you’re not at the very end of the visual spectrum and you don’t go totally blind, you’re liable to get vision problems as well. For example, if you experience central vision problems and still refuse to check-in at the best eye clinic in Dubai, you’ll eventually lose all of it. This is the main conundrum that makes common eye problems become the reason for people’s blindness.  

Here are some other eye diseases and infections that you should watch out for:

Refractive Errors

We have all heard about nearsightedness and farsightedness and their other names, myopia, and hyperopia. These are known as refractive errors and are the most common eye problems that affect people all over the world. Another type of refractive error is astigmatism and presbyopia. The former is the distortion of vision at all distances and the latter is the inability to focus on close objects that particularly affect reading and other related activities. There are various reasons and causes for refractive errors and many treatments exist to prevent things from getting worse.

You can be born with refractive errors or develop them over time. The main cause is the faulty shape of the cornea or length of the eyeball. Presbyopia is an issue that is developed over time when the lens becomes weak due to old age.

Although it’s impossible to prevent refractive errors, it’s important that you diagnose them at an early stage. Treatments for it include glasses, contact lenses, or eye surgeries like the offers specialists for.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

As the name suggests, this is an eye problem that mostly affects people who are above the age of 55. In fact, it’s the leading cause of blindness in people over 60. Although it’s not dead set to take your eyesight away, neglect and improper treatment methods are factors that make the scenario inevitable.

The macula is the part of the eye that is responsible for giving us central vision is affected by the yellow deposits called drusen. This is the case with the dry form of AMD. Only 10% of the people directly get the wet form of AMD because it always starts from the dry form. The wet form of AMD is caused by the leaking of blood and other fluids in our retina by our blood vessels due to high pressure.

Without proper treatment, the dry form of AMD ultimately transforms itself into the wet form of AMD. Therefore, it becomes a serious problem as it causes central vision loss.  


The opacification of the eyes or the formation of a cloud of protein in front of the lens is what we know as cataracts. Although it starts to develop in just one eye, it’s impossible to stop it from affecting the other eye without due attention and medical care.

Cataracts are a common problem that affects a lot of people around the world. The main causes of cataract include ageing, trauma, or injury to the eye, genetic or birth defects, eye surgeries with complications, and radiation exposure.

If you’re a diabetic and you’ve been using corticosteroids, you’re more liable to getting cataracts. Other than that, smoking, too much alcohol, elongated exposures to sunlight, etc. are also prominent causes.

That is because people always confuse these symptoms with something they think on their own. For example, people think that they’re seeing blurred objects or double because they’ve been in front of the screen too long. It’s hard to say when the problem becomes a serious one but it is certain to become worse once you get it and don’t get proper treatment. Almost half of all cases of blindness involve cataracts.

Diabetic Retinopathy:

As the name suggests, this is a problem that affects people with diabetes. This is a complication that affects the eyes when there’s damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue in the retina.

The complicated nature of the disease can be noted by the fact that it has no noticeable symptoms and causes only mild vision loss at first. However, the deadly nature of the disease shows its face with the fact that it eventually leads to blindness. The only way to deal with diabetic retinopathy is to maintain your sugar levels and get regular glycosylated haemoglobin tests whenever you feel the following:

·         Blurred or fluctuating vision

·         Impaired colour vision

·         Dark or empty areas in vision

·         Loss of vision

·         Spots or dark strings floating in vision

The only way to treat any eye disease is to first get it diagnosed. Only then will you be able to go for proper treatment procedures and save yourself from visual impairment or total blindness.