A microscope is a scientific tool that is so useful and beneficial that it has helped mankind in researching and exploring nature and humankind.
Microscopes played a vital role in the evolution of humans, plants, and animals. Still, they are so much popular among biology and medical students who take helps from these tools in researches and diagnosis of any objects.
In this post, we will learn some interesting facts about microscopes that many of you may don’t know about yet.
Scientists have experimented with microscopes for hundreds of years. The modern microscope as we know it today was invented in the 16th century by the Italian scientist Galileo Galilei. The important function of a microscope is that it allows us to look at individual atoms and molecules that are smaller than a single wavelength of light.
The Large Hadron Collider
The Large Hadron Collider is an enormous particle accelerator built by the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, CERN, in Geneva, Switzerland. It is so enormous that it cost over $10 billion and it is about the size of a city block. It is the largest high-energy physics experiment in the world.
History of the Microscope
The scientific instrument with which we see microscopic animals and plants is not new. They are discovered as early as the 17th century.
But microscopes became widely used in the 19th century, which led to the discovery of the chromosome structure of species and a way of understanding the growth of tumors.
Among these devices that helped to discover new species and organs, the photo microscope, invented in 1859 by Augusto Rohnstamm and Edwin H. Muren, was the first and so far the most important. It helped scientists studying cellular anatomy.
That is, the addition of a filter and lens helped them view cells. By developing this tool, the researchers got an extremely close look at the process of cellular division, which led them to know the DNA structure of many species.
The Binocular Microscope
The name of this microscope comes from the binocular configuration it is designed in. If you have ever seen a microscope, you have undoubtedly seen a viewfinder, with two lenses looking out at different angles, in each eyepiece.
How it works
If you place a pinhole in the eyepiece, it will allow the pinhole to focus the light from your eyepiece onto a pinhole in the objective lens.
This is what a daguerreotype looks like!
Another interesting fact is that these can’t see better than the naked eye. They don’t allow you to take a picture but it is very useful for observation and observations, mostly about organisms.
The Stereo Microscope
The stereo microscope is a relatively new type of microscope that enables us to observe the environment with high magnification.
The light source in the microscope works in two directions. This kind of microscope will be a great help for high magnification microscopes. It will be ideal for observing the retina, cornea, skin, and retinal nerve fibers.
It is powered by a battery, which is rechargeable and lasts for a long time.
Most modern microscopes use such types of microscopes.
The Herschel 3.5 cm × 3.5 cm × 2.5 cm Stereo Ultrabead Microscope
The microscope has the unique feature of being able to be used with both fluorescent and UV lights.
Also, it’s an advantage to the photographer who requires high magnification of an object.
Types of microscopes
There are different types of microscopes such as:
- Micro-photography and
The handheld microscope is the most popular type of microscope today. Handheld microscopes can be used to see things at a close distance. You can even touch a specimen without any risk of contamination.
Here are some benefits of using handheld microscopes:
- Easy to carry: You can take the microscope with you wherever you go.
- The focal plane can be moved closer to the eye.
- It is easy to view any specimen.
Archaeological microscopes allow the researcher to study mummies and ancient cultures.
So microscopes are available in many kinds and manufactured by many brands. If you are in India, then you will have a good choice of microscopes and you can see this list of best microscopes manufacturers in India and can opt for any brand you like.