The conclusions of a thesis are the part in which the researcher must summarize the results of his research that he reached after proving or denying his hypothesis, or achieving the general and main objectives raised at the beginning of the research and write essay today.
New elements or elements that have not been studied in the research process should not appear in the conclusions. However, new ideas or proposals can be raised from the research carried out.
Every research process that becomes a thesis presents the final part of the conclusions, in which the researcher points out the highlights of his research and demonstrates or denies the hypothesis, as well as the achievement of the objectives set. Regarding the writing of the conclusions, there are no defined rules or forms of content.
That is why many researchers make the mistake of placing, in the conclusions, information that differs from the development of their research. For this reason, in the following paragraphs we will provide some tips to take into account when formulating the conclusions of your research or thesis.
The first thing to say is that the conclusions of a thesis or research work should not occupy more than three pages. It is very important to be careful with the presentation, writing and spelling. It is also recommended to mark the conclusions using numbers, hyphens or bullets.
There is no specific number of conclusions, as these must be presented according to the relevance of the research topic and the results obtained. It is necessary to remember that the conclusions are not summaries of the research chapters, as many researchers believe.
It is advisable to take into account the following recommendations when writing the conclusions:
– Mention the results obtained throughout the investigation.
– Show how the results have been obtained.
– Indicate the general conclusion of the entire investigation.
– Point out the partial conclusions of the entire investigation.
– Highlight the contributions made in the field of research.
– Indicate the gaps that the investigation presents, which can be resolved by another investigator.
During the development of the conclusions, the researcher must bear in mind the relationship that exists between introduction and conclusions of an investigation. On the one hand, the introduction presents the hypothesis that the research seeks to prove or deny. On the other, the conclusions indicate how the results of the research have been achieved.
Now, what should a researcher not do when drawing up his conclusions:
– Resort to the theoretical framework, this can create confusion in the reader.
– Refer to the personal importance of the final result of the investigation. The important thing about an investigation is not to prove that we are right, but to demonstrate or deny with evidence the hypothesis raised, or failing that, the objectives set.
– Include citations from non-referred authors in the research, as it can create confusion in the reader.
It is also important to mention that before beginning to present the conclusions of the research, an introductory paragraph should be written that allows the previous content of all the research to be linked with the conclusions that are intended to be developed below.
It is worth mentioning that in the cases of investigations in which the hypothesis was not demonstrated or denied, but objectives were met, it is necessary to make a conclusion for each proposed objective, general and specific. That is, if the research has ten specific objectives, ten conclusions must be drawn. Finally, a general conclusion must be drawn that is related to the overall objective.
We must also mention, regarding the investigations that failed to verify or deny a hypothesis, that it should not be forgotten to explain in the conclusions part the reasons why it was impossible to find a solution to the problem posed.
Finally, it is recommended that, like the introduction, the conclusions be reviewed or read by non-specialists on the subject, who can tell if the material is written in clear language. If these people cannot clearly understand the conclusions, it will be better to rewrite them and take the test again.
In summary, the conclusions of a research or thesis consist of the demonstration or denial of the hypothesis, or in other cases, the demonstration of the fulfillment of general and specific objectives. The conclusions are small paragraphs presented according to an order of importance, which is why they are listed.